What are webs?
Webs of the vocal folds occur when there is a tissue bridge between the two vocal folds at the anterior portion (very front portion). Congenital (from birth) webs arise when the vocal folds fail to separate during development. Acquired webs may occur following vocal fold surgeries that involve the anterior membranous portion of the folds, or following vocal trauma. These microwebs (also called synechias) occur when irritation of the anterior commissure re-heals and forms a web.
What are the symptoms of webs?
Webbing may cause various degrees of symptoms that range from shortness of breath and stridor (noisy breathing), to hoarseness (mild to severe), to no symptoms at all, depending on the length and thickness of the web.
How are webs treated?
Treatment for webs typically includes surgery to separate the web tissue.